The SEA CONSISTS of DROPS
The Gulf of Finland is a shallow closed vulnerable part of the Baltic Sea
 About 20 million people live within it's drainage area in Russia, Estonia and Finland
The future of the Gulf of Finland depends of many drops, big and little

 
 
 

The Gulf of Finland

The combination of large antropogeneous objects - agrocomplex, nuclear station, network of ports both unique natural and historical corners - sanctuary Lebiaje, Kurgalsky, Gostilitsky and Kotelsky nature reserves, monuments of a nature is characteristic of a Shores of the gulf of Finland

 

Our Habitat Values
Увеличить

The nature of this region is unique. Its peculiarity is determined first of all by the fact that it was covered by gletchers of the last glacial period (about 10 thousands years ago). Its landscapes carry explicit indications of youth in the reliefs of surface sediments, hydrographic network, and organic world.

The greater part of this area is located within the Preglint plain terraced as a result of activity of the ancient Littoral Sea (called so after the name of a mollusc living in this ancient sea 3-6 thousands years ago). The sea began to recede approximately 3800 years ago, leaving terraces where its bottom was previously.

The lower Seaside terrace is a narrow strip 3 to 5 metres high above the sea level and the width up to 1 km. This is a lowland with separate heights and typical glacial-lake landscapes. At the shore, picturesque "white dunes" can be met, with pines growing on them (for example, between Lake Goravaldaiskoye and Batareynaya Bay, on the territory of the Sosnovy Bor city, and to the west from it).

The second terrace has the height 10 to 18 metres above the sea level. On its area, the soil is mainly blue clay 50 to 60 metres thick. From the south, the second terrace is limited by the Baltic-Ladoga bench. To the south from the bench, Ordovik plateau is located. Its higher, western part is called Izhora heights (up to 168 metres high). It limits the drainage basin of the Gulf of Finland from the south. Its distinctive feature is almost complete absence of rivers and lakes.

The greatest rivers of the south part of the drainage area of the Gulf of Finland are Luga, Sista and Kovash. They are fed by underground waters that are formed in the karst cavities of the Ordovik plateau. The lakes are mainly of the glacial origin. They were formed after melting the gletcher, and are located in the pre-glacial gullies.  

Extremely valuable for the region are unique nature zones that preserved in the present environment changed by human invasion. In the first turn, these are sea-side areas. Part of them have the status of specially protected natural areas: natural reserves Kurgalskiy, Lebiaje and Kotelskiy. Two of them - Kurgalskiy and Lebiaje - are also wetlands of international significance mainly as the habitat of waterfowl. Gostilitsy botanical natural reserve is valuable with its unique oak-groves and grasses.

Officially affirmed natural objects in the region are the radon lake in the village Lopukhinka and the oak-grove near the village Velkota. Besides them, there are many natural zones and objects in the region that have no protection by the Law, but need it.

Here are some of them:

  • Dunes at the Batareynaya Bay, in the Sosnovy Bor city and to the west from it
  • Dunes at the south-west of the Kurgalskiy peninsula
  • The Koporskiy bench
  • The Suryevskiye swamps
  • Lake Lubenskoye
  • Oak-grove in village Martyshkino ("Mordvinovskiye oaks")
  • Oak-grove in village Kronshtadtskaya Koloniya ("Petrovskiye oaks")

The sea-side area on the whole needs conservation both as a unique landscape element and as the habitat of many species of wild life. This is also a potential area for tourism, a valuable resource for economical development with environmentally friendly nature use. To preserve this natural habitat for our and future generations, the most valuable nature zones must be protected by the Law. Along with it, environmental NGO's must protected them notwithstanding their legal status, control their state and popularise their natural value.

 

 

Up