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Friends of the Baltic presented small-scale eco-solutions for rural households

Friends of the Baltic NGO 4th of August in the gardening community has demonstrated the simple eco-solutions for individual rural households, which help to protect water bodies from domestic and agricultural pollution. The audience was the group of activists of the Union of gardening and dacha’ non-profit associations of the Lomonosov district of Leningrad oblast.

More than 200 dacha’ and gardening communities/associations are situated in Leningrad oblasts, where about 1 mln people live an average no less than a month per year. Still very few of them have an qualitative wastewater facility, most of them use outdoor pit latrines. These kinds of toilets with cesspool so as direct release of gray water to the surface waters lead to the drains into the sea of at least 1000 ton of Nitrogen and 250 ton of Phosphorus per year. These household releases so as agricultural causes eutrophication, worsening living conditions for animals and people.

Lomonosov district is situated on the South shore of the Gulf of Finland, and many gardening associations occupied costs of the rivers, flowing to the gulf.

Pubic watch of Nitrogen contamination in the wells showed exceeding the permissible concentration is 2-3 times in some places. It could be caused with both cesspools and improper use and storage of organic waste and fertilizers.

Olga Senova, the Friends of the Baltic head, demonstrated visitors the outdoor separate toilet, established within the Coalition Clean Baltic project. This toilet is in use during last 6 years in the summer time for the 7persons family. It gives about 300 litters of urine per year, which is kept 6 months without oxygen, and then it used as a fertilize. Feces go to compost, where kept 3 years. The only problem is where to buy plastic toilet seat with a separator – it is available in Sweden and Finland, but not cheap. Although Belarus environmental NGOs have an experience to produce these toilets themselves from cement.

At the meeting in the gardening community Friends of the Baltic also demonstrated the garden without mineral fertilizes and pesticides. This garden doesn’t produce the harvest with commercial scale, but enough for a family.

Also Friends of the Baltic showed how family reduces amount of household waste, reuses and recycles as much as possible.

According to Olga Senova opinion, these environmentally responsible methods of management of rural households are very simple and benefited both for households, and for the Baltic Sea.

Friends of the Baltic NGO within the project “Program for Barents and Baltic Region – Nature and people” disseminate best practices; involve residents to application of effective approaches for reducing human load to the Baltic Sea catchment area.

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