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Abstract

This brochure is addressed to representatives of local authorities, non-governmental organizations (NGO), teachers, students, and ordinary citizens, interested in energy issues. It will be useful both for those, who would like to know more about environmentally friendly energy production, and for those, who is looking for practical possibilities and solutions for energy supply in a house, district or town on the basis of renewable energy sources.

The brochure includes popular articles about natural resources, technical possibilities and practical steps for using energy of wind, sun, biomass, and geothermal energy for energy supply on the local level in the North-West Russia. Special focus of the brochure is environmental, social and economical advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy sources in comparison with fossil fuel or nuclear energy.

In his article, Victor Elistratov (St.Petersburg Polytechnical University, SPbPU) analyzes technical possibilities, economical, social and environmental advantages and shows examples of application of wind generators ranging from 5 to 200 KWt; describes project of 3-MWt wind park for Kotlin island in the Gulf of Finland.

Valeriy Kholodkov (Russian-Swedish Bio Centre, Leningrad region) writes about using timber waste as a bio-fuel and shows examples of converting 1-12 MWt local boilers from masut to bio fuel (timber waste) in Leningrad region and Karelian Republic.

Vladimir Maslikov (SPbPU) shows prospects of extracting biogas (methane) from solid wastes of the biggest St.Petersburg dump site "Volkhoskiy". Its estimated resource based on SPbPU experiments is 2 MWT for 20-25 years.

Emil' Boguslavskiy (St.Petersburg Mining University) presents investigation results of geothermal potential in European part of Russia and practical solutions for heating supply for individual houses with geothermal heating pumps.

Vladimir Breusov (SPbPU) proposes simple scheme for producing solar heating by application of solar collector for country house, which can heat water for washing purposes in Leningrad region to up to 40-70 °C from May to September.

Reinhold Pape (Swedish NGO Secretariat on Acid Rain, SNSAR) describes the example of public promotion of wind energy in Gothenburg, Sweden. Also his article describes the energy efficient house that uses solar collector as the only energy source for heating.

Olga Senova (Friends of the Baltic) writes about methods and results of NGO work for promotion of renewable energy in the North-West Russia, raising public awareness, dissemination of information and best practices, forming positive public attitude to renewables. This article includes results of sociological poll of St. Petersburg citizens about their informing on energy sources. This poll was organized by Friends of the Baltic with assistance of students of PR department of Russian State Hydro-Meteorology University.

The brochure Appendices present additional materials: reports on national situation and prospects concerning renewable energy sources by Pavel Bezrukih, vice-director of Institution of Energy Strategy of Russian Federation, and Alexander Belyakov, Deputy of Russian State Duma; useful internet links and information about organization that prepared this brochure.

The St.Petersburg NGO "Centre for Environmental Initiatives" rendered considerable support to preparation of this brochure.

Preparation, publication and distribution of this brochure is an important part of the activities within the St. Petersburg Public EcoInfoCenter - a joint programme of several St.Petersburg NGOs working for public access to environmental information..

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