Friends of the Baltic, the experts of OOO Ecocentrum and the project "Marine litter in the Gulf of Finland" have already been conducting monitoring of marine litter for four years. During this time we have explored 7 different beaches on the Gulf of Finland coast within St.Petersburg and Leningrad region. On the South shore: the village Bolshaya Izhora, Baltiyskiy Bulvar; and on the North shore: Morskie dubki, Lakhta, Kurort; and even the Kronstadt city and Kanonersky island.
Research is conducted according to the methodology of DeFishGear project adapted by Friends of the Baltic. It includes collection and classification of all man-made objects at the area of 10 metres from the water's edge (marine debris removal area) and 100 metres in length. There are 7 major categories of material, each category includes a detailed table for specific items found. It helps to find out what type of waste prevails in the territory.
For example, a large amount of personal hygiene products and cotton swabs found on the beach may indicate a lack of wastewater treatment and a nearby source of communal wastewater. In this case, the water quality may be poor. What can be done? It makes sense to inform the local administration about your findings and contact the sanitary service with a request for analysis of microbiological and nitrate pollution in wastewater.
We’ve decided to take stock of plastic goods pollutants. These data clearly show that disposable plastic ( prevailing on the coast) - the main polluter of our seas and oceans.
Within this study, we would like to show that the problem concerns everyone. And everyone should make efforts to change the situation: citizens, authorities, city services, business. Consumers should not buy single-use plastic, business should produce reusable alternatives, and the government should encourage the transition to reusable, encourage extended producer responsibility and create legislation to reduce the production and sale of single-use plastics( for details, please see Exhibition on the plastic)
We would like to thank all volunteers who participated in the research and contributed to the monitoring. We would like to thank Fertoing Ltd, the Russian representatives of HELCOM, company "Mineral", the District center of culture and youth initiatives, the organizers of the Environmental Biennale, the event Clean beach and ZAVTRA Festival for cooperation and collaboration. This infographic is made with our joint efforts!